Results of the XIII Party Congress (of Cooperation) (Что сказал XIII съезд партии о кооперации, 1925) by Dziga Vertov

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Results of the XIII Party Congress (of Cooperation)
Что сказал XIII съезд партии о кооперации
Chto skazal XIII syezd partii o kooperatsii (ru)
Kết quả đại hội đảng XIII về chế độ hợp tác xã (vi)

Year 1925
Director(s) Vertov Dziga
Studio(s) Tsentrosoyuz
Language(s) Russian
Genre(s) Domestic life
History
Politics
Animation Type(s)  Cutout
Length 00:03:55
Wordiness 12.12
176 visitors

Subtitles:
Chto skazal XIII syezd partii o kooperatsii.1925.en.1.25fps.1689263165.srt
Date: July 13 2023 15:46:05
Language: English
Quality: good
Upload notes: 178 characters long (view)
Creator(s): FBJ, Niffiwan

Chto skazal XIII syezd partii o kooperatsii.1925.vi.1.25fps.1689553935.srt
Date: July 17 2023 00:32:15
Language: Vietnamese
Quality: unknown
Upload notes: 326 characters long (view)
Creator(s): Cynir


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Description:

A political film-poster extolling the virtues of working together and collectivization.

In summer and autumn of 1923 the first economic crisis of the NEP period in the USSR began, caused by price discrepancies between very high prices for manufactured goods and very low prices for food. By October of 1923, this phenomenon led to the fact that peasants en masse stopped buying the products of industry.

The 13th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) was held during 23–31 May 1924 in Moscow. This congress was the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)' first to take place after the death of Vladimir Lenin, and represents a transition between the Lenin and Joseph Stalin regimes. It was also the first confrontation between the Left Opposition (led by Leon Trotsky) and the "troika" (led by Stalin, Grigory Zinoviev, and Lev Kamenev).

The Congress approved the establishment of the people's Commissariat of internal trade and set before them and all the trading bodies the task of mastering the market and ousting private capital from trade. It set a goal to expand cheap credit to the peasantry of the state and to oust the usurer from the village. As the main aim of the work in the village, the Congress put forward the slogan of full cooperation of the peasant masses.

This film has no entry on animator.ru. Some sources list the director as unknown, while others list him as Dziga Vertov (which does not seem so unlikely, as this is the sort of thing he did in those years).

In the video above, the yellow English hardsubs have been removed by hand. Unfortunately, the frame rate is still much faster than it would have been originally. A nicer-quality version can be downloaded at this magnet link: magnet:?xt=urn:btih:2739FD25A7C54DA8E8AC27059F26BB4E02A96E52

 

DISCUSSION



1.Cynir

This film recalled some of the low-pitched melodies of my country. In the past, the cooperative movement (phong trào hợp tác xã) destroyed the rural structure of North Vietnam (where the majority were farmers) : Lazy persons were counted as laborers, so their productivity was so low that they had to ask for international aid (so the world used to liken Vietnam as a beggar) ; fields as well as agricultural tools are considered common property, so no one cares, even buffalo and cows (that is, animals were used to plow the land) were injured by farmers to easily become the foods ; even cooperatives also suddenly became the new exploitative regime with new landowners whom were called as "cooperative officers" (cán bộ hợp tác xã). These officers usually did not have to work on the fields, but only score points and make statistics on agricultural tools, so they rely on their authority to do hard work by undercutting the already small amount of agricultural products to share each other.

After the reunification of Vietnam (1975), the North partly benefited from the rich agriculture of the South (where the capitalist economy developed in the XIX century and was once one of the most prosperous countries in Asia). However, this situation lasted only three years. Since 1977, the communist government has implemented a policy of "beating the commercial bourgeoisie and eliminating depraved cultural products" (đánh tư sản mại bản và bài trừ văn hóa phẩm đồi trụy). Not to mention, 16 tons of gold reserves of the government of the former Republic of Vietnam were put on a plane to be transported to Moskva to pay the war debt (This event was only confirmed by some historians and former intelligence officer Frank Warren Snepp ten years ago, but before that, folks still believed that the late President Nguyễn-văn-Thiệu had sent it to Swiss banks as his own). Anyway, for about ten years before the Đổi-Mới decree (Renovation Policy), there was almost nothing in Vietnam's industry. So much so that many families encouraged their children to study well in order to study in socialist countries (according to cooperation agreements), even bribed to go to work abroad. They would go to "brotherly socialist" countries to buy industrial products such as irons, pressure cookers, motorbikes... and sent them back to Vietnam for their relatives to sell for a profit. That is why at that time there was a saying "Go to the Soviet Union to win the lottery" (đi Liên Xô trúng xổ số) to talk about luck if you leave the country. Of course, there are also thousands of lives lost at sea when they had to take the illegal route. These people have to bribe the police (with many golds and dollars) to get on a boat going out to sea, which was just tattered fishing boats that are hard to resist the waves. Even lots of other persons are prey for Thai and Malay pirates. So this is a very bitter period in my country's history !

However, it is not over yet ! In recent years, the people's credit fund (quỹ tín dụng nhân dân) continues to become a machine that drains the workers and farmers' wallets. As I am writing these lines, dozens of Vietnam's largest banks are still being investigated or are about to be prosecuted for their black behavior : They mobilize a huge number of collaborators (mobile personnels or PGs) taking advantage of the development of telecommunications technology (imagine as Iphone, Ipad or laptop) to broker people for buying bonds or borrowing interest at banks. However, at first, it is still the same as in the contract, but then the bank continuously informs that the customer has violated A or B for a penalty (which is in fact appropriated more money), in the end the customer will losing both capital and interest but still not paying off debt. There have been thousands of cases where they had to complain because they suddenly saw that their accounts were reported to be owed tens of billions of Vietnamese dongs. So second, one fine day, the bank's information system reported an error, then the customer's account was deleted and the contract was considered non-existent. How should this problem be understood ? A certain employee of the bank (who may be just a manequin to cover up for the boss) broke in and robbed the customer's money. There are many other unnamed cases, but in general, Vietnamese banks only attribute to personal problems or random situations, but they never acknowledge systematic robbery. Therefore, for many years now, the banking groups from my country has been considered one of the most dangerous places to store money in the world.


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2.Admin

Thanks for the history, Cynir!
I think that these films from the 1920s are interesting in that they show what was happening at the time. Unfortunately, most of the Soviet animation from before 1936 or so has been lost, as a lot of animation studios were dismantled in that year (replaced by Soyuzmultfilm) and their film collections not preserved. A lot of things were destroyed because of WW2, also.


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